Institute for Military Support to Governance (IMSG)
Key Authorities and Requirements


Institute for Military Support to Governance Crest

Developing Civil Affairs and Military Government


Institute for Military Support to Governance

MG Hilldring's involvement in developing Civil Affairs and Military Government

UVA Library Records of the School of Military Government, 1943

American Military Government of Occupied Germany, 1918-1920

General Otis Report on Philippines, 1899

Key Authorities and Requirements of the Institute for Military Support to Governance

The Hague Convention of 1907, Article 43. – "The authority of the legitimate power having in fact passed into the hands of the occupant, the latter shall take all the measures in his power to restore, and ensure, as far as possible, public order and safety, while respecting, unless absolutely prevented, the laws in force in the country."

U.S. Code, Title 10, § 3062.a.1. – Directs the Army, in conjunction with the other armed forces, to maintain the capability of "preserving the peace and security, and providing for the defense, of the United States, the Commonwealths and possessions, and any areas occupied by the United States"

National Security Strategy, Feb 2015 – "…the nexus of weak governance and widespread grievance allows extremism to take root…we will continue to work…to address root causes of conflict…inclusive politics, enabling effective and equitable service delivery, reforming security and rule of law sectors, combating corruption and organized crime, and promoting economic opportunity."

National Defense Strategy, Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense, 3 Jan 2012 – Deter and Defeat Aggression (A Primary Mission of U.S. Armed Forces) . . . “includes being able to secure territory and populations and facilitate a transition to stable governance on a small scale for a limited period using standing forces and, if necessary, for an extended period with mobilized forces.”

National Military Strategy, Jun 2015 – "To enhance our warfighting capability, we must attract, develop, and retain the right people at every echelon…. We are seeking new ways to attract people with valuable civilian sector experience. In this effort, the Reserve Components provide a critical bridge to the civilian population, infusing the Joint Force with unique skills and diverse perspectives."

Strategic Landpower Whitepaper, 28 Oct 2013 – “...conflict prevention and the ability to shape conditions in regions to maintain stability through actions highly focused on human factors” and “How a war ends is more important to the future than how it began...the ability of the U.S. to influence the post war situation so as to ensure the national interests that prompted our involvement are protected and that a stable peace is derived.”

DoDD 5100.01 Functions of the DoD and Its Major Components, 21 Dec 2010 – Directs the Army to “occupy territories abroad and provide for the initial establishment of a military government, pending transfer of responsibility to other authority.”

DoDD 3000.07 Irregular Warfare (IW), 28 Aug 2014 – “Support a foreign government or population threatened by irregular adversaries” and “. . . integrated with the efforts of other U.S. Government (USG) agencies, foreign security partners, and selected international organizations by supporting ... provision of essential governmental services, emergency infrastructure restoration, and humanitarian relief”

DoDI 3000.05 Stability Operations, 16 Sep 2009 – DoD will “lead stability operations activities to establish civil security and civil control, restore essential services, repair and protect critical infrastructure, and deliver humanitarian assistance until…it is feasible to transition lead responsibility...“

DoDD 2000.13 Civil Affairs, 11 Mar 2014 – "Support stability operations, including activities that establish civil security; provide support to governance; provide essential services; support economic development and infrastructure; and establish civil control“ and "Establish and conduct military government until civilian authority or government can be restored."

JP 3-0 Joint Operations, 11 Aug 2011 – Stabilize phase . . . help reestablish a safe and secure environment and provide essential government services, emergency infrastructure reconstruction, and humanitarian relief. The joint force may be required to perform limited local governance, and integrate the efforts of other supporting interorganizational partners until legitimate local entities are functioning.

JP 3-07 Stability Operations, 29 Sep 2011 – Defines Transitional Military Authority as “a temporary military government exercising the functions of civil administration in the absence of a legitimate civil authority. It exercises temporary executive, legislative, and judicial authority in a foreign territory. A transitional military authority may be required in ungoverned areas, occupied territory, or an allied or neutral territory liberated from enemy forces, including insurgent or rebelling forces.

JP 3-57 Civil-Military Operations, 11 Sep 2013 – Currently described in Joint CMO doctrine as the core task Support to Civil Administration in Occupied / Friendly Territory. The law of war requires occupying powers to restore public order and safety while respecting, to the extent possible, the laws of the occupied country; and to establish a civil administration and to control or conduct governmental matters during and after hostilities.

TRADOC PAM 525-3-0 U.S. Army Capstone Concept, 19 Dec 2012 – Requires the capability and capacity to engage with partners on a sustained basis to address shared interests and enhance partners’ security, governance, economic development, essential services, rule of law, and other critical functions . . .

TRADOC PAM 525-8-5 U.S. Army Functional Concept for Engagement, 24 Feb 2014Working with foreign counterparts from the individual to ministerial levels, future Army forces must excel in those environments and provide military support to governance and the rule of law.

TRADOC PAM 525-3-1 U.S. Army Operating Concept, 7 Oct 2014 – Army forces defeat enemy land forces and seize, hold, and defend land areas. The Army also prepares for security operations abroad including initial establishment of military government pending transfer of this responsibility to other authorities.

IMSG contacts

IMSG Operations
910-432-2993 or email